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Monasteries of Romania

Romania is undoubtedly a country of worship places, with some of the most beautiful churches and monasteries that are visited every year by many tourists and pilgrims. From churches painted on wood, from fortified churches to those listed in the UNESCO World Heritage list, from monuments of Gothic architecture to Byzantine or Brancovean style, the hundreds of monasteries in Romania are embraced in countless pages and pictures of Romanian spirituality . We could even say that the Romanian holy places are part of those places that every one of us should see at least once in their life.

We start with Bucovina and the churches painted here.

 

Source : http://Descoperimromania.ro 

The 8 painted churches in northern Moldavia – Bucovina, located in Suceava county, have entered the UNESCO World Heritage list.

The churches were built at the end of the 15th century and in the 16th century by Stefan cel Mare (Voronet and Patrauti) and by other Moldovan rulers. The monasteries are about 450-500 kilometers away from Bucharest, and there are many other places of worship in Bucovina, such as Rasca Monastery or Bogdana Monastery, Radauti.

 

 

Source: http://Pinterest.com

Voronet Monastery, famous throughout the world for the unique blue of its walls – the Blue Voronet (brilliant azure) – was founded by Stefan cel Mare in 1488. At the same time, among the colors used are the Roses of Humor or Tree Green. On the outer walls of the monasteries are painted various Bible scenes, such as “The Last Judgment”, “The Tree of Jesse” or “Adam’s Sin”.

 

The wooden churches of Maramures

Barsana, Budesti, Desesti, Ieud, Plopis, Poienile Izei, Rogoz and Surdesti are wooden churches that, since 1999, have been part of the UNESCO World Heritage. The constructions are narrow, tall, with long and tall turrets at the western end of the building.

Source http://jurnalspiritual.ro

 The oldest church is the old church in Ieud Hill, built by the noble Balea family in the first decade of the seventeenth century, while the others were built in the 17th century.

Fortified Churches in Transylvania

The fortified churches of Transylvania were also included in UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites, Biertan in 1993, and Calnic, Darjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor and Viscri in 1999. The seven villages and their fortified churches are located in five counties – two in Sibiu and Brasov and one in Alba, Harghita and Mures.

Source : http://karparen.ro

The fortified churches are Romanesque basilicas or churches with the unique Gothic-style ship, playing a defensive role until the end of the 18th century.

 

Horezu Monastery – masterpiece of Brancoven style

Horezu (or Hurezi) monastery was built between 1690 and 1693 by Constantin Brancoveanu (1688-1714), in the village of Romanii de Jos, the town of Horezu, about 40 kilometers away from Ramnicu Valcea, on the road leading to Targu- Jiu. The construction is considered a masterpiece of Brancoven style. The monastery is dedicated to the “Holy Emperors Constantine and Helen” and was included in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1993, as a nunnery.

Source : http://turistderomania.ro

Neamt Monastery, “Jerusalem of Roman Orthodoxy” and monasteries in Neamt County

The Horezu (or Hurezi) monastery was built between 1690 and 1693 by Constantin Brancoveanu (1688-1714), in the village of Romanii de Jos, the city of Horezu, about 40 kilometers from Ramnicu Valcea, on the road leading to Targu- Jiu. The construction is considered a masterpiece of Brancoven style. The monastery is dedicated to the “Holy Emperors Constantine and Helen” and was included in the UNESCO World Heritage in 1993, being a nunnery monastery.

Source : http://viziteazaneamt.ro

The Three Hierarchs Monastery in Iasi – Unesco

The church of the monastery was built between 1637 and 1639, by the prince Vasile Lupu, being originally intended to be the princely necropolis. Having elements from the Gothic Transylvanian, the construction represented Lupu’s aspiration to Byzantium and is dedicated to “Three Hierarchs” – Vasile the Great, Gregory the Word of God (or the Theologian) and John the Golden Glory – being celebrated on January 30th. Located in the center of Iasi, the monastery is on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1991. Other old Iasi monasteries, such as “Saint Nicholas the Princess”, Galata or Golia, were built between the 15th and 17th centuries.

Source : http://manastireasftreiierarhi.ro

 
Putna Monastery – “Jerusalem of the Romanian Peoples”

Putna Monastery, one of the most important foundations of Stefan cel Mare, is located 33 kilometers northwest of Radauti, in northern Bucovina, a short distance from the border with Ukraine. The construction was finished in 1481, with the patronage of the “Assumption of the Virgin”. The monastery was named by Mihai Eminescu “Jerusalem of the Romanian people”, and Stefan cel Mare was buried here as well.

Source : http://DiscoverBucovina.ro

 

The Black Church in Brasov

The construction of the Black Church in Brasov began in 1383, and was completed in 1477. Initially, the Catholic church, the Gothic style edifice, received the name of the Virgin Mary, a name it wore until 1689, when it was partially destroyed by a fire and received the name he currently has. The church is the largest sacral building in the country, it has the largest bell that exists in the churches in Romania and is one of the largest cult bases in Central and Eastern Europe. It is 89 meters long, 38 meters wide and 42 meters high, with about 5,000 people.

Source : zidezi.ro

Densus Church – the “unparalleled church in all Romanian romance” – Unesco

Source : http://Wikipedia.org

The church of Saint Nicholas in Densus, 10 km away from Hateg, is one of the oldest Byzantine churches in Romania, built in the 13th century on the ruins of a 4th century building . Its mural painting dates from 1443, and some of the stones used in the construction come from the ruins of Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, nearby. Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, the church was named by the writer and politician Nicolae Iorga as the church “unmatched in all romance.”

I have presented some of the churches and monasteries that make Romania a truly beautiful country. Now that you have read about them, you will only have to visit them!

 

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