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Moldovan Folklore

Moldovan Folklore – source of inspiration, creation and fascination for tourists!

 

¨Folklore is mostly local. It’s the byproduct of an age, occupations, culture”

 

The term folklore has its etymology in English, and was first used on August 22, 1846 by archaeologist William J. Thoms. “Folk” means folk, and “lore” means science, so folklore is science, the creation of its people, according to the ethnomusicologist Gheorghe Oprea, “the total artistic creations integrated into the folk culture”. Here are subsumed music, literature (prose, poetry), dance and plastic art.
Moldovan folklore is divided into two large groups: ritual and non-ritual folklore.
The ritual folk creation includes:


• the poetry of calendar habits;
• Christmas carols, “The Bull”, “Bear”, “Capra”, “Malanca”, “Jienii”, “Irozii”, “Novăceştii”;
• star songs, orators spoken in walking with “sowing” etc.
• poetry of family habits;
• swing songs;
• wedding moments – madness, forgiveness, bride’s song;
• The poetry of summer habits – “Paparuda”, “Drăgaica”, “The song of the wedding” etc.
Oral non-tribal folk creation includes several genres and species:
• the heroic epic (“Gruia”, “Novac”, “Badiu”, etc.)
• Ballad (“Mioriţa”, “Manole Manor”, “Ilincuţa”, “The Wife sold”),
• historical songs; Folk lyrics – doines, songs of love, longing and mourning, shepherd, outlaw, gossip, play, glass, romances, shouting and verse letters;
• Proverbs – proverbs, sayings,
• children’s folklore – counts, riddles, tongue twisters, formulas accompanying children’s games – “Ineluş-vîrtecuş”, “Mijatca” and others.
Among the folklore celebrities of all time, who gathered with mild and scrupulous oral folk creation, are the remarkable figures of Mihai Eminescu, Vasile Alecsandri, Alecu Russo, Teodor Burada, Petre Ştefănucă, T. Găluşcă, Elena Sevastos, Tudor Pamfile, E Lebedeva, as well as the plenary of the folklor scientists of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Moldova, from the Gavriil M
uzicescu Academy of Arts, from the Center of Popular Creation: Nicolae Băieşu, Dumitru Blajinu, Grigore Botezatu, Ion Buruiană, Gleb Ceaicovschi-Mereşanu , Ion Ciobanu, Victor Cirimpei, Tudor Colac, Nicolae Demcenco, Iulian Filip, Andrei Hropotinschi, Andrei Hincu, Efim Junghietu, Maria Mocanu, Sergiu Moraru, Andrei Tamazlicaru and others.

 

 
Photo Pinterest.com


Photo moldovenii.md

Moldova is an area rich in authentic cultural traditions, unfortunately almost unknown outside Romania.
Moldova has a rich history and traditions have not been lost, on the contrary they have been enriched with new qualities, giving them a new color, forming an original conglomerate of customs, rituals and folklore, omnipresent in Moldova’s villages.

Source: the author


One of the important qualities of the Moldovans is hospitality, where each guest is welcomed with great warmth, and the housekeeper always finds for him a glass of good Moldovan wine, and the housewife, the most delicious dishes.
Moldova boasts a rich tradition in folk art, original and colored garments, produced by potters, carpenters, and craftsmen in stone processing. One of the oldest crafts in Moldova is the pottery, here the art of ceramics is of high quality, distinguishing itself through the variety of shapes, sizes and the wide variety of drawings.
The handicraft of the fabric has spread because of an old tradition, according to which the groom had to offer carpets woven with her hand.
Moldovans dig wells in the street, on the road, or on the field, but not in the garden, the purpose being to give everyone water to quench their thirst.
The Moldavian cuisine is another attraction of the region, which has been a source of inspiration for many Romanian writers throughout history. Traditional dishes such as Harzobul (smoked trout on the kettle) invite visitors to taste it alongside the wonderful Moldovan wines of Bucium, Cotnari and Husi.

       

An important moment about Moldavian folklore that can not be neglected, and certainly represents an attraction for tourists who want to learn about the authenticity of our folklore, are folk songs and folk music performers who throughout their life have promoted with dignity and passion the popular song Moldovan. These are :

Moldovan folk music artists:

• Amihalachioaie Mihai • Barbu Ana • Barbu Natalia • Bătrînu Mihai • Bejenaru Lidia • Botnaru Arsenie • Bunea Marin • Burlacu Geta • Căpraru Ioana • Ciobanu Mihai • Ciobanu Tamara • Ciolacu Olga • Ciuhrii Sergiu • Cojocaru Valentina • Cuciuc Igor • Drăgan Maria • Ermurachi Nina • Eșanu Gheorghe • Esina Reghina • Gheorghelaş Vlad • Gheorghiță Lenuța • Gherman Doinița • Glib Nicolae • Gordienco Natalia • Gronic Gavriil • Iovu Vasile • Julea Zinaida • Lozanciuc Alexandru • Lunchevici Serghei • Marin Vasile • Negară Teodor • Ochișanu Adriana • Paladi Ion • Pintilie Cristina • Receanu Adrian • Rudenco Boris • Sarabaș Maria • Ștefăneț Anatol • Stîngă Adam • Sulac Doina • Sulac Nicolae • Șura Alexandru • Șura Mariana • Tălămbuță Ion • Tudose Eugenia • Țurcanu-Furtună Nina • Ureche Eugeniu • Vicoveanca Sofia • Zgurean Aliona etc

Historical moment
Legend of the Capital of the Republic of Moldova – CHISINAU

Artinfinit.md


If the poets of the Republic of Moldova call the wonderful land from Prut to beyond the Nistru “a fairytale country, a legend of shore, a dreamland”, a picturesque corner of the European continent, the millions of inhabitants of the second state of Romanians consider the Chisinau metropolis the first pearl of Bessarabia. That’s it!
Chisinau has always been and remains the main landmark for tourists from abroad. How else, it’s just the capital of our country. That is why we think that it would be interesting for our guests to learn not only about the present but about the past of Chisinau. Therefore…

The source of life, the source of a city…


Nearby, vestiges belonging to the Geto-If (IV-1 BC) and Sântana de Mureş-Cerneahov (III-IV AD) were identified. So the Geto-Dacians lived in the Bâc valley. There is evidence that the ancestors of the Romanians lived there 1000 years before the first documentary attestation of Chisinau (1436). It seems that the toponym of Turkish origin (according to some linguistic opinions) would indicate the existence of a source that links the beginning of the settlement, first as a village, then as a fair and a city.
The church of Mazarache was built in 1752 near the spring from which the old name of the city is supposed to be. But the legend? It’s written in all the school books. In a picturesque place in the hamlet, a Moldovan settlement was founded. The place was located on the bank of the river Bâc, near a spring, called Chisina Noua, from which then Chisinau came into existence.
The people tell, from their ancestral heritage, a picturesque story related to Stephen the Great and the Holy, often passing through here.
Stefan Voda had an army commander, named Hâncu. Once he called him and asked him:
– How are you going about with the war?


“We have arrived, Your Majesty, at Chisinau Noua,” answered Hâncu. “Chişla” this, in Turkish language, means sheep. Thus, they reached the new cave. The old cave is in Lapusna.
– Do we still have far to go to the Dniester? Was asked Stephen the Great, who had spent the night at a boyar court near Capriana monastery.

– Yes, Your Majesty! We still have, we have far to go to the Dniester!

About Chisinau we still have a lot to tell you, and we will open with you still many other new tabs about its beauties.
In the next article, we will present an itinerary, a virtual trip through the most wonderful places of this city, streets, parks, museums or libraries of the capital.


You will find all of these in our next articles, directly on the Moldova Tours 2.0 website.
We are waiting for you in Moldova!

Sincerely Yours, for Moldova Tours 2.0, Irina Staver.

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