The female population exceeds the male one
There are more women than men in Moldova, the proportion being 100 women to 93 men. This ratio varies by age group. Men predominate in the 0-14 and 15-34 age groups: 106 men per 100 women and 104 men per 100 women, respectively. The differences are more pronounced among the population aged 35 to 64 and 65 and over, with respectively 100 women for 90 men and 100 women for 61 men.
Women’s life expectancy is higher than that of men
Women get married earlier than men
The average age of women at first marriage is 25.6 years and men – 28.3 years. Most of the men who married in 2016 belonged to the age group 25-29 (39.3%), women – to the age group 20-24 (38.4%). Marriages before the age of 20 are more common in rural areas.82.1% of men and 83.0% of women who married in 2016 had been single before marriage. More divorced men (17.0%) remarry than women (15.6%).
Women are more educated than men Women aged 25 to 64 have a higher level of education than men. The largest gap is in higher education – 23.0% of women reached this level compared to 17.6% of men. Most of the population holds a vocational degree – 59.1% of men and 55.6% of women.Men leave the education system sooner than women to enter the labor market. The participation rate in continuing vocational training programs is very low (1.3% – women and 0.4% – men). The employment rate of women is lower than that of men The rate of women (50.3%) in the labor force is almost equal to that of men (49.7%). However, the employment rate for women is lower (39.0%) than for men (43.0%).Working women have a higher level of education than men: 27.2% of women have reached the higher level of education and 16.9% hold a vocational training diploma, the respective indices relating to men being 21.5% and 9.9%.
Women work mainly in the service sector
Women earn less than men